This Month at St. Mark

Birthdays This Month

Recognizing our congregation members who were born this month...

Jan 03

Scott Miller

Jan 04

Ken Wagner

Jan 05

Sally Hershey

MacKenzie Naill

Jan 06 

Carol Greening

Leonard Stambaugh

Jan 07

Cayden Jones


     Happy Birthday!

Jan 09

Hollis long

Jan 10

Linda Bolin

Jan 11

Kelly Dube

Jan 12

Carly Miller-Carbaugh

Jan 14

Kaitlyn Naill

Jan 15

Allison Hardin

Jan 16

Penelope Highlands

Daniel Weber

Jan 17

Rick Pado

Jan 18

Jody Boyers

Bill Reese

Jan 19

Cara Lynn Clabaugh

Jan 20

Glenn Mummert

 Abby Shermeyer

Pat Wagner

Jan 22

Sandra Haymaker

Jan 24

LeeAnn McDermitt

Jan 25

Irene DeMart

Jan 28

Anna Cromer

Jan 29

Mary Berry

David Gates

Ashley Teal

Jan 31

Evelyn Barnhart

If you ever see that we miss a birthday or overlook a name, please contact the office at 717-637-8904 so wwe can update our computer record.

Page Footnotes


You have probably noticed the red boxes at the bottom of several pages (Welcome to St. Mark, Outreach Mission, Spiritual Growth Mission, and Stewards of Blessing Mission). In these small spaces, we will post information about many facets (history, etc.) of the church and the Bible. The subjects and information promises to be quite varied. But, all will be enlightening and fun. If you want to check them out, click the Start at Welcome Page link.


This Month, in the red boxes are some interesting facts about Lutheranism. 

Spotlight on Apostles & Saints

This month, we highlight the apostle Matthias. Matthias was the apostle chosen by lot to replace Judas Iscariot.


Matthias (…died c. 80 AD) was, according to the Acts of the Apostles, the apostle chosen by lot to replace Judas Iscariot following Judas' betrayal of Jesus and his subsequent suicide.


In the medieval and Tudor era the feast of St Matthias the Apostle was celebrated on 24th February, whereas today it is celebrated on 14th May and on 25th February in Leap Years.


After the Ascension of Our Lord, His followers at Jerusalem chose a replacement for Judas. The man chosen was Matthias, "and he was numbered with the Eleven." 

Apart from the information given in the first chapter of Acts, nothing is known of him. It would be a mistake to conclude from this that he was a failure and a bad choice as an apostle. We know as much as we do about Peter and Paul because Luke (a travelling companion of Paul) wrote extensively about them. About most of the other apostles (those belonging to the original twelve and later ones like Matthias) we know little after Pentecost on an individual basis. Source:


His calling as an apostle is unique, in that his appointment was not made personally by Jesus, who had already ascended into heaven, and it was also made before the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the early Church….. No further information about Matthias is to be found in the canonical New Testament…..


The tradition of the Greeks says that St. Matthias planted the faith about Cappadocia and on the coasts of the Caspian Sea, residing chiefly near the port Issus. According to Nicephorus,, Matthias first preached the Gospel in Judaea, then in Aethiopia (the region of Colchis, now in modern-day Georgia) and was there stoned to death.


The Synopsis of Dorotheus contains this tradition: "Matthias preached the Gospel to barbarians and meat-eaters in the interior of Ethiopia, where the sea harbor of Hyssus is, at the mouth of the river Phasis. He died at Sebastopolis, and was buried there, near the Temple of the Sun."

Alternatively, another tradition maintains that Matthias was stoned at Jerusalem by the Jews, and then beheaded. According to Hippolytus of Rome, Matthias died of old age in Jerusalem….. It is claimed that St Matthias the Apostle's remains are interred in the Abbey of St. Matthias, Trier, Germany, brought there through Empress Helena of Constantinople, mother of Emperor Constantine I (the Great). According to Greek sources, the remains of the apostle are buried in the castle of Gonio-Apsaros, Georgia.

Source: Wikipedia:

Notable People This Month

The 35 Authors who Wrote the Bible - Jeffrey Kranz


If you’ve ever asked your pastor or Sunday school teacher, “Who wrote the Bible?” you probably got one of two responses:

“God wrote the Bible.” The Holy Spirit moved prophets like Moses and apostles like Paul to write about God’s relationship with the world (1 Ti 3:16; 2 Pe 1:20–21).

“About 40 people wrote the Bible.” The individual books were written by many authors over many years in many places to many different people groups.

In a way, both of these answers are true, but by now you’re probably looking for a little more detail about the authors of the Bible. And rightly so: when you’re studying a book or passage of the Bible, it’s pretty important to know who wrote it.

But there’s a lot of nuance that goes into answering this question. The Bible didn’t fall out of heaven, and it was a long time in the making.

So, let’s take a closer look at the people whom tradition says wrote the Bible. Before we jump into the list of names, let me throw out a few disclaimers:

This is a list of authors either identified in the Bible’s text itself or generally assumed by church/Jewish tradition. I’ve included a few candidates for anonymous works (like Moses, Ezra, and Matthew).

There are more authors of the Bible than the 35 I’ve listed here. For example, somebody wrote Judges, but we don’t know who. There really were around 40 authors of the Bible, but the Bible and tradition only call out around 35 by name.

Ancient attribution and modern attribution aren’t even really in the same ball park. For example, the book of Isaiah may have been partially composed and arranged by Isaiah’s disciples long after Isaiah’s death. But New Testament writers still refer to the words in the book as though they were Isaiah’s.

I do not know who wrote Hebrews.


In case you’re just here for the list of names, here you go!


Old Testament:


Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy - Moses

Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 & 2  Samuel, 1 & 2 Kings, Esther, Job - Unknown

1 & 2 Chronicles, Ezra - Ezra

Nehemiah - Nehemiah

Psalms - David (73), Asaph (12), Sons of Korah (11), Solomon (2), Moses (1), Ethan (1),

  Herman with Korah (1), Unknown (50)

Proverbs - Solomon (29), Agur (1) Lemuel (1)

Ecclesisates  and Song of Solomon - Solomon

Isiah - Isiah

Jeremiah and Lamentations - Jeremiah

Ezekiel - Ezekiel

Daniel - Daniel

Hosea - Hosea

Joel - Joel

Amos - Amos

Obadiah - Obadiah

Jonah - Jonah

Micah - Micah

Nahum - Nahum

Habakkuk - Habakkuk

Zephaniah - Zephaniah

Haggi - Haggi

Zechariah - Zechariah

Malachi - Malachi


New Testament:


Matthew - Matthew

Mark - John Mark

Luke - Luke

John - John

Acts - Luke

Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galations, Ephesians, Phillippians, Colossians, 1 & 2 Thessalonians, 1 & 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon - Paul

Hebrews - Unknown

James - James (brther opf Jesus)

1 & 2 Peter - Peter

1 & 2 & 3 John - John

Jude - Jude

Revelations - John



Mr. Kranz' information about the Bible authors continues below. For January, we will show the first seven authors. February, March, May, and June will each have seven more authors' information. (April will contain Easter-related information.)

1. Moses (Genesis | Exodus | Leviticus | Numbers | Deuteronomy | Psalms)

Moses is the prophet who leads Israel from slavery in Egypt to the edge of the promised land. He also wrote about 20% of your Bible. Of all the Old Testament prophets, nobody’s like Moses (Dt 34:10–12).

Moses is a Hebrew born in Egypt and raised in Pharaoh’s house. After killing an abusive Egyptian slave driver, Moses escapes the death penalty by running to the wilderness, where he marries and takes up life as a shepherd. Forty years go by, and God meets Moses in the wilderness (there’s a burning bush involved).

God commissions Moses: tell Pharaoh to let the Israelites go. Moses does so, Pharaoh resists, God judges Egypt with 10 plagues, and the Israelites leave. Moses takes the new nation to Mount Sinai, where the Lord brings Israel into a special relationship: from now on, Israel is God’s people, and God is Israel’s deity. Moses writes out the details of what that relationship looks like. These details are called the “Law,” and they take up most of the books attributed to Moses in the Bible.

The first book, Genesis, sets the stage for the other four books. It explains where the Jewish people came from, and how they ended up in Egypt. The next four books chronicle Israel’s physical and spiritual journey from Egypt to the promised land.

But Moses’ works aren’t over at Deuteronomy! He’s also the one who wrote Psalm 90.

2. Ezra (1 & 2 Chronicles | Ezra)

Bible author portrait EzraEzra is born long, long after Moses. But like the ancient prophet, Ezra leads a group of Israelites from exile in another nation back to the promised land.

Ezra is a scribe (someone who reads, writes, and interprets documents), and he’s especially well-versed in the Law of Moses (Ezra 7:6). He’s actually related to Moses: Ezra is a great-great-great(…)-grandson of Moses’ brother Aaron, which means he’s also got some priest blood in him (7:1–5). Ezra grows up in Babylon, but he is determined to move to become a missionary to his homeland (7:10), so he takes a group of Jews back to Jerusalem and begins teaching the people God’s ways.

Ezra is a key player in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. He’s a religious leader in Jerusalem who calls the people around him to holiness.

The Jewish Talmud says Ezra wrote the book of 1 & 2 Chronicles (yes, they’re really two parts of the same book), and the book of Ezra. If this is the case, it makes Ezra the second-most prolific author of the Bible. Not bad for a guy you never hear about, right?

3. Nehemiah (Nehemiah)

Nehemiah is a cupbearer to the king of Persia when he gets some disturbing news: his countrymen back in Jerusalem are in dire straits, and the city is in shambles (Neh 1:3). Nehemiah then gets the go-ahead from King Artaxerxes to rebuild the city walls and gates, and takes off for Jerusalem.

And get this: he gets the wall rebuilt in just 52 days (6:15).

Nehemiah’s more than a wallbuilder, though. Artaxerxes makes him the governor of Judah (Neh 5:14), and Nehemiah uses this position to point the people to God. He’s the one stationing soldiers, commissioning singers in the temple, and making sure the temple stays clean. Plus, he teams up with Ezra to rededicate the people to God (10:28–39) and hold them to their promises (13:4–31).

Nehemiah wrote the book that bears his name—and he wrote it in first person. Nehemiah has a very transparent writing style, often breaking from his story to record a prayer he made to God (4:4; 13:22).

4. David (Psalms)

You’ve all heard of this guy. He’s the shepherd boy who killed Goliath the giant. He’s the war-hero king who delivered Israel from her enemies and established Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. He’s the jerk who killed off Uriah so he could have Uriah’s wife. And maybe most importantly, he’s a messiah: someone anointed by God to rule the people in wisdom and justice.

David is the focal character in the books of 1 & 2 Samuel and 1 & 2 Chronicles, and the books of Ruth and Kings tell us all about his family. David’s one of the Bible’s most important characters, but that doesn’t have all that much to do with David. He’s important because God makes a special promise to him: from David will come an everlasting kingdom with an everlasting king. Spoiler alert: that’s Jesus.

Somebody may have told you that David wrote the book of Psalms, but that’s not really the case. David only wrote about half of the Psalms—73 out of all 150, to be precise (though the Latin Vulgate and Septuagint credit a few more to him). Even so, that’s a lot more than any other psalmist

These ones are his, specifically:

Psalms 3–9                       Psalms 11–41                     Psalms 51–65

Psalms 68–70                    Psalm 86                           Psalm 101

Psalm 103                         Psalms 108–110                  Psalm 122

Psalm 124                         Psalm 131                          Psalm 133

Psalms 138–145

If you throw in the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Old Testament) and Latin Vulgate credits, it brings the count as high as 85.

Sidenote: another common myth about the book of Psalms is that it’s the longest book of the Bible. But that’s not really true, either.

5. Solomon (Psalms | Proverbs | Ecclesiastes | Song of Solomon)

Authors of the Bible SolomonWhen Solomon succeeds his father David as king of all Israel, the Lord appears to him in a dream. He gives Solomon the ultimate “blank check”: Solomon names anything he wants, and God will give it to him. Instead of asking for cash or the heads of his enemies, Solomon just asks God for wisdom. And boy, does God deliver:

Now God gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment and breadth of mind, like the sand that is on the seashore. Solomon’s wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the sons of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt. For he was wiser than all men, than Ethan the Ezrahite, Heman, Calcol and Darda, the sons of Mahol; and his fame was known in all the surrounding nations. (1 Ki 4:29–31)

Solomon came up with 3,000 proverbs and 1,005 songs (1 Ki 4:32). Lucky for us, a lot of that wisdom is part of our Bibles.

Solomon is traditionally credited for authoring the books of Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon. In the first, he asks, “What’s the point of even existing?” In the second, he celebrates love, marriage, and all kinds of sexual privileges that come with that.

Solomon contributes to two more books of the Bible as well. He’s the main writer in Proverbs, which is a book of principles for making decisions in wisdom and justice. Most of the first 29 chapters were written or curated by Solomon. The wise king also joins his dad in the book of Psalms: numbers 72 and 127 are Solomon’s.

6. Asaph and family (Psalms)

When David commissions the temple in Jerusalem, he appoints Asaph and his family to lead worship (1 Ch 16:5). We don’t know much about Asaph, except that he’s a singer from the tribe of Levi (2 Ch 5:12). He and his family must have been some awesome songwriters, because 12 of the Psalms are credited to him (Ps 50; 73–83).

7. Sons of Korah (Psalms)

Moses is leading Israel through the wilderness, a Levite named Korah challenges Moses’ leadership. That doesn’t end well—the earth swallows up Korah and his followers.

But Korah’s sons survive, and they have quite a legacy in the Bible through their music. The descendants of Korah wrote 11 psalms:

Psalm 42

Psalms 44–49

Psalms 84–85

Psalms 87-88

Do You Know

This month's quiz asks you to identify the correct answers about Lutheranism. How many can you correctly identify?


The answers can be seen by clicking the Show Me... button below.

Here is a multiple choice quiz about fun Lutheranism facts.

What is the oldest Protestant tradition?

What is the original title of Martin Luther’s 95 Theses?

What media did Martin Luther and his allies use to spread their message about reformation of the church?

What name did Martin Luther prefer to describe the reformation?

Which one of these is not a Lutheran Solas?

For what group of people was the Small Catechism, published in 1529, intended?

Which of these describes how Lutherans believe salvation is achieved?

The first Lutheran worship service in North American is believed to have taken place when and where? [Hint: delivered by Pastor Rasmus Jensen]

Until 2017, what was the oldest operating seminary in the ELCA?

Who is considered the patriarch of Lutheranism in North America?


a.     Baptist

b.     Catholic

c.      Episcopal

d.     Lutheran


a.     95 Things the Church Does Wrong

b.     The Effects of Indulgences on Catholics in 16th

           Century Religion

c.      Disputation of Martin Luther on the Power and

           Efficacy of Indulgences

d.     Complications and Complexities of Faith


a.     Email, Facebook, Ads on TV, Pony Express

b.     Ballads, pamphlets, and woodcuts

c.      Newspapers and photographs

d.     Town criers and horseback couriers


a.     Evangelical

b.     Enlightenment

c.      The Restructuring

d.     New Transition


a.     Grace Alone

b.     Faith Alone

c.      Book of Revalations Alone

d.     Scripture Alone


a.     Teaching children at home by parents

b.     Teaching Lutheranism to people under 4’ 10” tall

c.      Teaching groups of three to nine Lutherans

d.     Teaching Lutheranism to people assembled

            in a really small room.


a.     By doing good deeds; the more the better

b.     Through repetitive sacraments, spoken


c.      It is achieved by grace through faith

d.     A result of donations to the church


a.     New York City, May 4, 1675

b.     Philadelphia, August 11, 1650

c.      Manitoba, January 23, 1620

d.     Winnipeg, November 18, 1615


a.     Wall Street Seminary for Lutheran Theology

             in New York City

b.     Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg

c.      Harvard Theological Extension in Boston

d.     Carnegie Endowed Theological Center in



a.     German Pastor Georg Schmuncker

b.     Danish Pastor Emil Everst

c.      German Pastor Henry Muhlenberg

d.     Austrian Pastor Paul Richtter

If you have trouble, click Show Me the Answers.